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Vol. 15-16 (54-55), No. 1. 2003
Physics.

Basiladze G.D., Dolgov A.I., Berzhansky V.N.
Calculation of Optical Characteristics of Multi-Port Single-Mode 1xN Coupler
The optical characteristics of the multi-port 1xN fiber-optic coupler have been studied as function of the optical characteristics of the single-mode 1x2 couplers which it is composed of. Analytical expressions to calculate the optical characteristics of 1xN couplers with consideration of the tolerance deviations of the optical power losses from the nominal ones, and the optical power split between the output ports of the 1x2 couplers have been obtained. In addition, the polarization sensitivity of 1x2 couplers and the scatter of optical power losses in the interconnections of 1x2 couplers within the cascaded 1xN coupler.

Berzhansky V.N., Burlay M.N., Lagunov I.M., Lyashko, D.A., Polulyakh S.N, Sorokin Yu.V.
Computer Technique and Modern Information Technologies at the Teaching of Students on "Applied Physics" Speciality
Continuous program of computer and information technique teaching at the training of students on "Applied physics" speciality is presented.

Berzhansky V.N., Vlasova T.A., Aleksashkin I.V., Tupitsyn Yu.V.
The Magnetostatic Properties of the Ferrofluids
The experimental results of research of the properties of the ferrofluids magnetite colloid dispersion in benzol are given. Magnetization curves are alike superparamagnetic ones. The estimation of particles size was made by magnetic method. The data obtained is in accordance with the results of X-ray analysis.

Berzhansky V.N. and Sorokin Yu.V.
Estimation of Parameters of Exchange Interactions in Cadmium Selenochromites
The method of definition of 3d-electronic transfer parameters and exchange interactions on concentration dependence of Curie temperature is offered. By method LCAO it is shown, that the reason of change of Curie temperature in system Cdl-xMexCr2Se4 is valence change of the nearest chromium ion.

Berzhansky V.N., Evstafev I.I. and Norden D.V.
Estimation of Parameters of Exchange Interactions in Cadmium Selenochromites
The methods of evaluation s-d. exchange interaction for magnetic semiconductors are proposed. The methods are based on analysis of temperature and magnetic field dependences of conductivity.

Burym, Yu.A., Dubinko S.V. and Mitsai Yu.N.
Processes of Magnetizing Garnet Ferrine Films Grown on (112) Substrates
The magnetization processes in films grown on substrates with the (112) orientation have been studied experimentally and theoretically; the methods to determine the easy magnetization axis orientation are offered. The areas where the non-uniform magnetic phase exists in tilted magnetic fields have been found.

Chucklov V.A., Ponomarenko V.l.
Fluctuations of Intensity of a Plane Wave in Environment with Large-Scale Random Heterogeneities
The problem about fluctuations of intensity of a plane wave in environment with large-scale random heterogeneities is resolved, which one is described by a Gaussian correlation function of an index of refraction. On the basis of matching outcomes of calculations conducted by two ways, the dislribution of fluctuations of a field is investigated. Is rotined, that in case of single dissipation the distribution law is normal. At average values of a distance the deviation from the normal law takes place. At large distances the distribution law comes nearer to normal.

Ivanov U.B., Nasonkin V.A., Boborykina О.V.
New Results in the Research of the Long-Wave Processes in the Black Sea
The results of computational experiments and instrumental observations of registration of intrinsical oscillations of the Black Sea are given. This data refers to period's diapasons/ranges/spectral bands, which have never been investigated before.

Khan S.A., Shulyak D.V.
Model Atmosphere of CP Star HD101065
The model atmosphere of extremely peculiar roAp star HD101065 is calculated. Accounting of opacity with individualized abundances is executed by "line-by-line" method. Due to lack of data for the REE lines we scaled D.R.E.A.M. data base by ten. The synthetic spectrum and indices in photometric system uvby was calculated: b-y = 0.713, m1 = 0.336, c1 = -0.121. The good agreement between an observation and modeling is obtained.

Korostelina Т.A.. Zimbal V.V., Glumova M.V., Evdokimenko L.V.
Integrate Course Conception "Physics and Astronomy" for the Class of Socially - Liberal School
Basic idea's integrate course conception "Physics and Astronomy" for the class of socially - liberal school are present.

Lelyakov A.P.
Radial Motion of a Closed String in a Zone of Interaction of Collide Plane Waves
In this article, the exact solutions (case of radial motion) equations which one describe dynamics closed of a string in the Bertotti - Robinson metrics, that sets in a zone of interaction of collide plane waves in Einstein-Maxwell theory, are obtained. The obtained solutions can be use as in a cosmology of extended objects, and as the test solutions.

Lyashko D.A.
Optimization Images of the Echelle Spectrum
The algorithm of the relation a signal noise before extraction orders of the echelle spectrum. The heuristic approach for allocation of sites of the image, free from spectral lines is described Is used. Then on the selected sites filter Whittaker is applied to smoothing a signal in each line CCD along an axis of dispersion. Automatic recognition of defects of a matrix and tracks of space beams is in passing made.

Mazinov A.S., Lisovets E.V.
Thin-Film Structure on the Basis of Amorphous Silicon
The industrial method and equipment for obtaining solar thin-film batteries is reviewed on the basis of hydrogenized amorphous silicon, deposited method of a magnetron sputtering. A feature of a tendered technique is the capability of production of the bedded structures presenting the completely finished photoelectric generator, in a unified work cycle.

Milyukov V.V.
Regularization Method in Tasks of Synthesis of a Magnetic Fields
The tasks of synthesis of a homogeneous and linearly varied field in the solenoid are considered in the work. It is shown on examples, that standard methods of the decision of such tasks yield practically unsuitable results. It is shown, that at use of a Tikhonov regularization method the task of synthesis of a field is solved satisfactorily even at small values of currents. The way of calculation of regularization parameter from a condition of a discrepancy minimum on the expanded range of definition of a field is offered.

Milyukov V.V.
The Device for Creation of a Magnetic Field, a Homogeneous Sphere in Volume
In work the device is optimized, allowing to increase uniformity of a magnetic field on comparisons with Gel'mgol'ts coils, at least, on the order and allowing to synthesize a homogeneous field practically in all volume of a sphere.

Mochalov A.A., Koval S.S.
The Investigation of Phase Transition Peculiarity in Central Region of Ingot
The mathematical model of phase transition in two-component condenser matter is developed. The dependence of the crystallization process on geometric parameters of ingot and heat physics property of alloy is predicted. The negative liquation phenomenon in the defined region of ingot is proved by the results of the numerical simulation.

Panenko D.V.
Interferometric Atmospheric Turbulence Investigation with the Use Solar Light
A method of distant measuring of some optical non-stability and atmospheric turbulence parameters during daytime has been developed. The method is based on application of the interferometer cohercnce with a small angular aperture. Measurements of spatial coherence degree during observations of the direct solar light with the following interferogramms interpretation have been made. Measurements of atmospheric coherence diameter by Fried have been made. It is shown experimentally that light diffusion due to the Sun halo is of a partial coherency. A criterion of optical non-stability based on measurements of light coherence diffusion by Sun halo is proposed. The interferometer can be applied for investigations of light diffusion in turbulent atmosphere.

Ponomarenko V.l., Popov V.V., Rudenko V.V.
Processing of Relations „Frequency - Signal" at Measurements of a Reflection Coefficient in the Waveguide
The technical equipment and the software for processing of experimental multiresonant analogue relations at measurement of a complex reflection coefficient in the waveguide are offered in the article.

Vinogorodsky D.F., Ponomarenko V.l., Popov V.V.
An Investigation of the Dispersion of the Dielectric Permittivity of Substances by the Multiresonance Method. // waveguide
The paper offers a technique for measuring the dispersion spectra of the dielectric permittivity of substances. The technique is based upon measurement of the reflection coefficient by multiresonance method from a sample placed in a waveguide. It has been shown that an accuracy of the measurements, when SNA of the type R2-54/3 (X-band) is used, is close to one demonstrated when contemporary VNA is used.

Reznic D.V., Lozovski V.l. and Glumova M.V.
Dispersion Relations for Mode of Electromagnetic Wave Propagation in Superconductivity Plate
Dispersion relations for mode of electromagnetic wave propagation in superconductivity plate are present.

Roshchupkin S.N.
The String in a Theoretical Physics
Recent progress on string theory in curved space-time reviewed. The string and null-string dynamics in cosmological and black hole space-times is investigated. At is shown that the perfect gas of noninteracting null-strings may be considered as an alternative source of the gravity in the FRW universes with k=0. String dynamics in a curved space-time is studied on the basis of an action functional including the small parameter of rescaled tension. It is shown that in the known equation for geodesic deviation but complemented by a string oscillatory term. These equations are solved for the de sitter and FRW spaces.

Taran Ye.P., Staroslenko V.V., Grygoriev Ye. V., Rukavishnikov A.V.
Influence of Parameters of a Nonuniformity of Conductive Microstructures of Integrated Circuits on Curve Wunsch-Bell
In the article on the basis of numerical model of effect of pulse electromagnetic fields on integrated circuits the relations of specific threshold power to pulse duration (curve Wunsch-Bell) for a microsegment of an inhomogeneous conductive film are obtained. The influence of the geometrical sizes of inhomogeneous microsegments on threshold values of intensity of a pulse electromagnetic field is detected.

Terez E.I., Gushchin G.K., Terez G.A.
On Dynamics of Spectral Atmospheric Transmission Variation in the Crimea
An observational analysis of atmospheric transmission data obtained in the Crimea is made. It is shown that in 1924 - 1932 when there was not practically any industry spectral atmospheric transmission (SAT) data can be assumed as background values. In 1972 - 1990 the anthropogenic loading was maximum. During the period a significant SAT decrease was observed. In the course of "perestroyka" beginning from 1996 SAT values returned to their former background values.

Yevdokimov S.V., Yatsenko A.V.
The Apparatus for the Short-Circuit Photocurrent Investigation in Ferroelectric Crystals
The apparatus for the experimental investigation of the short-circuit photocurrent in ferroelectric crystals is described. The apparatus consists of an optical system, registration device, interface and driving device. Driving device and interface designed by the integrated cirquits of K1113, K572, K561 and К1533 series using.